Beginner TOPIK Grammar Essentials

A collection of grammar structures featured in past beginner TOPIK papers. I’ll add more explanations and structures as I review more papers~

Grammar Point Meaning Example
V+아/어/여 보다 To try to V 비빔밥을 먹어 보세요
V+지 마세요 Stop doing that, Don’t V 걱정하지 마세요
V+아/어/여야 돼요 Have to/should/ must V 숙제를 끝내어야 돼요
V+(으)ㄹ 게요 Future tense (1st person) 오늘밤에 전화할게요
V+(으)러 Reason for movement 남자친구를 만나러 가요
V+고 And (between verbs) 텔레비전을 보고 공부했어요
V+(으)면서 While, At the same time 운동을 하면서 TV을 봤어요
A/V+거나 Or (between verbs or adjectives) 주말에 공부하거나 영화을 봐요
V+(으)면 If 안 자면 피곤할 거예요
A/V+지만 But 한국말 어렵지만 재미있어요
A/V+아/어/여서 So, because, and 오늘 일해서 정말 피곤해요
V+아/어/여도 Even if, even though 바빠도 한국말을 공부해요
V+아/어/여 주세요 Please do V for me 돈가스 사 주세요
V+네요 Shows surprise, exclamation 정말 춥네요!
V+(으)려고 하다 Intend to V 카메라 사려고 해요
V+(으)ㄹ까 하다 Thinking about doing V 난 일본을 배울까 해요
V+(으)니까 Because of V, reason for 지금 바쁘니까 나중에 봐요
A보다 Compared to A 오늘은 어제보다 더 더워요
V+고 싶다 Would like to V 한국에 가고 싶어요
A/V+지 않다 Not A/V 피곤하지 않아요

15 thoughts on “Beginner TOPIK Grammar Essentials

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