Useful Grammatical Terminology

If the last time you studied what adjectives, clauses and conjunctions were was as long ago for you as it was for me, here are some useful definitions!

Object : The object is the who/what that recieves the action from the subject.

안나는 한국말을 잘 못 해요.

Anna does not speak Korean well.

Subject (주어) : The part of a sentence or clause, usually a noun, prounoun or noun phrase, that indicates what it is about or who/what completes the action.

수지가 비빔밥을 만들었어요.

Suji made bibimbap.

Predicate (서술어) : This explains or says something about the subject. Within Korean, this includes action and descriptive verbs, plus the copula (linking verb) -이다.

나는 호주 사람이니다.

I am Australian.

순이가 요리합니다.

Suni is cooking.

Clause : A group of words containing a subject and predicate.

Complement : Completes the meaning of a sentence, must be included in sentences with verbs such as 되다 (to become) and 아니다 (not to be).

학생은 아니에요.

I am not a student.

Adnominals (관형어) : Modifys the noun that follows.

오늘 만날 친구는 선생님입니다.

The friend who I am meeting today is a teacher.

Adverbials (부사어) : Modifys a verb, adverb or adjective.

너무 피공해요.

I am very tired.

Conjunction (접속사) : Part of speech that connects words, phrases, clauses and sentences.

Exclaimatory sentence : A sentence which uses exclaimation to convey strong emotion.

야! 다 먹었어?!

Ya! It’s all eaten?!

Imperative sentence : A request, command, advice or instruction.


Please comel

Interrogative sentence : A sentence that asks a question.

뭐 해요?

What are you doing?

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