If the last time you studied what adjectives, clauses and conjunctions were was as long ago for you as it was for me, here are some useful definitions!
Object : The object is the who/what that recieves the action from the subject.
안나는 한국말을 잘 못 해요.
Anna does not speak Korean well.
Subject (주어) : The part of a sentence or clause, usually a noun, prounoun or noun phrase, that indicates what it is about or who/what completes the action.
수지가 비빔밥을 만들었어요.
Suji made bibimbap.
Predicate (서술어) : This explains or says something about the subject. Within Korean, this includes action and descriptive verbs, plus the copula (linking verb) -이다.
나는 호주 사람이니다.
I am Australian.
Suni is cooking.
Clause : A group of words containing a subject and predicate.
Complement : Completes the meaning of a sentence, must be included in sentences with verbs such as 되다 (to become) and 아니다 (not to be).
전 학생은 아니에요.
I am not a student.
Adnominals (관형어) : Modifys the noun that follows.
오늘 만날 친구는 선생님입니다.
The friend who I am meeting today is a teacher.
Adverbials (부사어) : Modifys a verb, adverb or adjective.
I am very tired.
Conjunction (접속사) : Part of speech that connects words, phrases, clauses and sentences.
Exclaimatory sentence : A sentence which uses exclaimation to convey strong emotion.
야! 다 먹었어?!
Ya! It’s all eaten?!
Imperative sentence : A request, command, advice or instruction.
Interrogative sentence : A sentence that asks a question.
What are you doing?