The last in this series, here are some speaking and communication strategies inspired by “Learning Strategies in Foreign and Second Language Classrooms: The Role of Learner Strategies” by Ernesto Macaro.We’ve previously covered language learning strategies for listening, writing and reading.
Here are the speaking strategies:
- Switch to your native language for unknown words: If you’re stuck for word, use your native tongue. Your talking partner may be able to supply you with the correct word in your target language.
- Use body language, gestures, mime: All these non-verbal cues can help you get your message across
- Avoid words or topics you don’t know : Use the knowledge you have.
- Adjusting what you want to say so you can easily express yourself: Find another way to express yourself using vocabulary and grammar you are familiar with rather than get stuck on a phrase you don’t know how to say in your target language.
- Find another way to say unknown vocabulary: For example you may not know the word for ‘snowman’, but you know the words for ‘snow’ and ‘man’, so use them instead or ‘teacher’ ‘room’ instead of ‘staffroom’.
- Use synonyms for problem words: For example substituting ‘hurt’ for ‘sick’ or ‘buy’ for ‘purchase’ to get your message across.
- Syntax avoidance: Similarly to 3, avoid topics/sentences which require grammar you are unfamiliar with. Find another way to express yourself.
- Most importantly, don’t be afraid to make mistakes: Mistakes are a natural part of the learning process ^^
What are strategies for communication and speaking?