We’ve covered language learning strategies for writing and reading. Up next is listening. These strategies are inspired by “Learning Strategies in Foreign and Second Language Classrooms: The Role of Learner Strategies” by Ernesto Macaro, which is well worth a read.
- Get in the right mind-set: Prepare yourself for the task, clearing your mind and concentrating
- Keep up with the audio: Prepare yourself for the speed of the text and remember to keep up. Try to maintain your concentration and don’t get distracted.
- Use any information have you been given: If the topic of the audio is indicated, try to keep it in mind. Make predictions of what the topic might cover. What do you need to listen for?
- Use your world knowledge and common sense: Does your interpretation of the text make sense?
- Listen for context clues: Think about the tone of voice, background sounds or any other clues.
- Avoid getting stuck on single words: Try to avoid getting stuck on single words for too long, otherwise you may miss out on other information.
- Listen for key words: They’ll help you get the ‘gist’ of the text.
- Accept you might not understand every word: However you can still your understanding of the rest of the text to infer the meaning of words or phrases you don’t understand.
What are your listening strategies?