Language Learning Strategies for Reading

I’ve previously looked at strategies for writing, but what about reading?

Here are some reading strategies inspired by “Learning Strategies in Foreign and Second Language Classrooms: The Role of Learner Strategies” by Ernesto Macaro.

  1. Don’t get anxious when you don’t understand: It’s not conducive to get flustered or anxious when you hit a roadblock when reading. Keep calm and keep working at it. Similarly, if you get stuck on a word or phrase, move on to the next part of the text, it may help you in understanding or contextualising the difficult section.
  2. Make inferences: Based on your knowledge and the content of the text, make inferences about the meaning of words which are unknown.
  3. Don’t get too cocky: Have doubts about your interpretation. Stop and think about it again to ensure you have understood.
  4. Use your knowledge of grammar and syntax: Use this knowledge to check your interpretation of the text.
  5. Divide the text in to chunks: This can make a long text seem more achievable.
  6. Use a combination of top-down and bottom-up processing strategies: Find a median between translating word-by-word (bottom-up processing) and using contextual information to make inferences (top-down processing). Avoid using the extremes of this scale such as spending all your time translating each word individually or making inferences which may be incorrect.
  7. Use your knowledge of the world: Ask the question – does this translation make sense?
  8. Look for clues: Is there a picture? What type of text is it? Is there a headline? All these things can give you more information and clues regarding the meaning of the text.

What are your reading strategies?

One thought on “Language Learning Strategies for Reading

  1. Pingback: Language Learning Strategies for Speaking and Communication | sydneytoseoul

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