Family in Korean Part I: Immediate Family

The Korean system of referring to different family members is complicated:
Are you male or female? Are they male or female? Are they older or younger than you? Formal or informal?
So here is a rough guide on immediate family~

가족: family
부모님: parents
아버지(formal)/아빠(inf.): father/dad
어머니(formal)/엄아(inf.): mother/mum
아들: son
딸: daughter
동생: younger sibling
남동생: younger brother
여동생: younger sister
누나: older sister (if male speaker)
언니: older sister (if female speaker)
형: older brother (if male speaker)
오빠: older brother (if female speaker)

Note// The usage of the words for older and younger siblings is not limited to blood relatives, it can be used for friends, waiters/waitresses etc (but not if the other person is significantly older than you).

Related Link: Family in Korean Part II: Paternal and Maternal Relatives

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2 thoughts on “Family in Korean Part I: Immediate Family

  1. Pingback: Family in Korean Part II: Paternal and Maternal Relatives | sydneytoseoul

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